Call For Papers
Contact Us

  The Way to 5G Networks and Spectrum Policies to Cope with High Data Communication Consumption - The Albanian Case  
  Authors : Irena Malolli
  Cite as:


Future generation networks and 5G as a new generation for mobile technologies are part of many studies and research work in the world today. 5G is expected to offer much more than simple higher speed in data communication. Massive Machine type of Communication (mMTC) as part of IoT, vertical data usage with very demanding KPI-s and very low latency requests are related with 5G networks developments. There are a number of challenges related with 5G standardization and developments under discussion. This article will be focused on spectrum policies for data communication in 5G networks. This article gives the results of research work on spectrum management and spectrum usage in some European countries for 5G networks. Also it identifies the main challenges related to spectrum policies in Europe countries and in Albania. In the conclusion are given some recommendations related to spectrum policies in order to cope the future demand for data communication in 5G networks.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 6, Issue 3

Date of Publication : June 2017

Pages : 373-378

Figures :04

Tables : --


Irena MALOLLI : has graduated the Electronic Engineer in the Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Tirana Polytechnic University in 1991. She holds a Master degree in Telecommunication and Information Engineering, also the MBA Master degree. Currently she is the PhD student in the Faculty of Economic. She has a long experience in the telecommunication and ICT field contributing in the regulatory and policy making issues and also in the development of e-government and ICT strategy and legislation. She is also a part time lecturer in the University of Tirana on MIS and electronic subjects. Currently she is the Director of Unit of Electronic communication, Postal and Integration in the Department of Innovation and Good Governance.


5G, IMT-2020, IoT, mMTC, M2M, spectrum policy

The way to 5G is a complex process, there are a lot of challenges still ahead for policymakers, regulators, the industry and network operators too. The spectrum policy is one of the key issues in this process. This article is focused on spectrum policy for 5G networks. Based on a research in different ongoing studies and current situation in Europe countries the article gives the main challenges related to 5G especially with spectrum. The current use of spectrum for LTE networks in Europe countries and in different regions in the world suffers lack of harmonization. The spectrum policies under development in EU countries support the 5G deployment and especially allocation of additional spectrum for 5G network. In case of Albania 800 MHz is not licensed yet for LTE, while the 700MHz band is not allocated for LTE. WRC-2019 is expected to decide for additional spectrum over 6GHz. The implications of spectrum policy in pricing models for data communication in different usage cases as well as the relation of pricing models with key performance indicators need to be studied.


[1] Recommendation ITU-R M.2083.0 “IMT Vision – Framework and overall objectives of the future development of IMT for 2020 and beyond“ [2] Doug Brake, ITIF “5G and Next Generation Wireless: Implications for Policy and Competition“, June 2016 [3] Cisco, “Cisco visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2016-2021,” February 2017. http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/servic e-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/mobile-whitepaper- c11-520862.pdf [4] Nokia presentation “Unlocking Spectrum above 6 GHz for 5G Mobile Communications“ [5] TIA market report January 2017 “5G operator survey” [6] ITU publication, “Forging path to 5G” February 2017; [7] GSMA Intelligence Report, “4G deployments and connections gather pace“, February 2015 [8] EC, “5G for Europe: An Action Plan” [9] www.spectrummonitoring.org [10] EC, “Connectivity for a competitive Digital Single Market-towards a European Gigabit Society” [11] AKEP „Mobile market analysis“ 2016 [12] CoM Decision no 277 dated 29.3.2017 http://www.akep.al/images/stories/AKEP/planifrekuencave/ 2017/PLANI-KOMBETARFREKUENCAVE- 120417.pdf.