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  A Secure Transmission Approach for Medical Images and Patient's Information by Using Cryptography and Steganography  
  Authors : Jamal N. Bani Salameh
  Cite as:


Nowadays many medical images and patient's information are transferred between different parties to be reviewed and evaluated by physicians who are geographically apart. Any illegal modification in this information during transmission may lead to wrong assumptions and wrong diagnosis. Therefore, the security of medical images and patient's information has always been a concern. In this research, we developed a new security system that combines cryptography and steganography techniques to provide a secure distribution for both the medical images and patient's information to the other party over un-secure channel to protect it against attackers. For cryptography we used our encryption algorithm MJEA (for Modified Jamal Encryption Algorithm); it is a symmetric (64-bit) block encryption algorithm with (120-bit) key. For steganography we used a very simple algorithm that hides the patient's information within the medical image by using bit-by-bit Xoring. The proposed system deals with the medical image and patient's information as shares, the first share represents the medical image after it will be encrypted by using MJEA and the second share represents all patient's information embedded in the medical image and encrypted by using MJEA. For more security, before transmit the two shares they will be mixed together by using a scrambling algorithm. We adopted different simulation metrics for evaluating the performance of the proposed system such as Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Mean Square Error (MSE) and the histogram distribution analysis. For this purpose, the proposed technique was applied on several gray scale medical images with different sizes of patient's information. All experimental results proved the strength of the proposed system in securing both the medical image and patient's information while transmission over unsecure channel. At the receiver side, the proposed system was able to recover back the original medical image and the patient's information that was sent by the sender without any loss.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 7, Issue 5

Date of Publication : October 2018

Pages : 289-303

Figures :12

Tables : 03


Dr. Jamal N. Bani Salameh : was born in Irbed, Jordan. He received the B.C degree in Electrical Engineering from Mutah University, Jordan, in 1988, M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Engineering from New Mexico State University, U.S.A, in 2000 and 2005. Dr. Bani Salameh became Associate Professor at the Department of Computer Engineering of Mutah University in 2013 and has published widely in international journals. He now works as Vice Dean of Faculty of Engineering at Mutah University. His research interests are in the fields of wireless computer networks, multicast routing, network security and cryptography. Dr. Bani Salameh held a number of administrative positions including Chairman of the IT Department, SUR College for Applied Sciences, Oman, Sept. 2010 - Aug. 2011, Chairman of the Computer Engineering Department, Mutah University, Jordan, Sept. 2015 - Sept. 2016.


Medical image, Patient's information, Data hiding, Telemedicine, Cryptography, Steganography

Medical information and medical images are often closely related to patients' privacies which should be kept secret and need to be protected while transmission over unsecured channel for diagnosis in order to prevent malicious tampering.


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