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  An Enhanced Distributed Algorithm For Agent-Based Microgrid Systems With High Penetration of DERs  
  Authors : Moaad Aboumalik; Mohamed EL Brak; Mohamed Essaaidi
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In this paper, a consensus-based network coordination problem for microgrids (MGs) and MG clusters is considered. The designed model focuses on optimizing the data sharing between the agents attached to each component of a MG system, in particular: distributed energy resource's agents and those of intelligent circuit breakers (i-CBs), in order to provide resilience to abrupt changes in microgrid topologies - since dispatch process and reconfiguration of data are not handled in a centralized manner. The long-term goal is to evaluate the impact of integrating high penetration of DERs on the through by using consensus distributed agent-based approach. On the other hand, the proposed method combines the performances integrated in the adaptive consensus algorithm (ACA) with that of the optimal power flow (OPF) to enhance the convergence towards the optimal cost. Due to communication network constraints, the agents are connected only to nearby neighbors. However, by using the enhanced distributed algorithm, DER agents may discover the required global information and hence compute new references for updating the optimal path. A MG test system is illustrated in order to validate the improvement of the presented method, and an under Matlab M-code based simulation results show the effectiveness of the enhanced algorithm.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 7, Issue 6

Date of Publication : December 2018

Pages : 320-326

Figures :09

Tables : 02


Moaad Aboumalik : was born in Marrakech, Morocco, in 1986. He received the "Ingénieur d'Etat - mention Bien" degree in: Telecom Systems & Computer Networks from the "ENSA" College of Applied Sciences of Abdelmalek Essaadi University in Morocco (Tetuan in 2011), and the B.S degree in: Electro-technical Engineering from the "EST" College of Technology at the University of Moulay Ismail in Morocco (Meknes in 2008). Since 2013, he was with the Electronics & Microwaves Research Group, in the Faculty of Sciences of Tetuan where he is currently studying toward a PhD degree in: Electrical Engineering & Renewable Energy. He is involved in the field of Smart Systems and Green IT where he holds a patent (OMPIC MA 39671 A1) and his current research is concerning about designing new ICT architectures for Microgrid systems with particular emphasis on Consensus-based data sharing; Power Sharing and Hierarchical Control in Islanded mode. Eng. Moaad Aboumalik is also a member in the International Neural Networks Society (INNS) since 2017.

Mohamed EL Brak : Dr. Professor of Computer Science in the Faculty of Sciences and techniques of Tangier, at Abdelmalek Essaadi University in Morocco. He was born in Ksar EL Kebir, Morocco, in 1969. He received the "Physic BS" degree in electronics from the Faculty of Sciences in Tetuan, at Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Morocco (in 1993), and the "DEA" degree in data processing from Hassan II University of Casablanca (in 1995), and a PhD in Telecommunications from Abdelmalek Essaadi University in 2003. He is Member of: Computer Science, Systems & Telecoms Laboratory (LISIT Lab.) at the FST Faculty of Tangier, He was a member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees of several symposia and conferences dealing with topics related to Computer Sciences and Engineering. His research interests include patsh antenna design, Ad-hoc networks and Wireless Sensor Networks for Smart Grid Applications.

Mohamed Essaaidi : Prof. Dr., IEEE Senior Member has been the Dean of "ENSIAS" College of Engineering of Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco since December 2011 and he was a Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering at Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Morocco from 1993 till 2011. He is the founder and past Chairman of the IEEE Morocco Section (2005-2015), co-founder of "IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society" and "Microwave Theory and Techniques Society Morocco Joint Chapter". He has been a member of "IEEE Global Committee on Accreditation activities" since 2016. He has authored and coauthored 5 books and more than 200 papers in international refereed journals and conferences in the field of Electrical and Information and Communication Technologies. He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal on Information and Communication Technologies, Serial Publications, India (2007- 2011). He is also an active member of the editorial boards of several IEEE and other indexed international journals in the field of information and communication technologies. Furthermore, he holds 10 patents in the field of Information and Communication Technologies. He was also a member of the "IEEE 802.16 Sponsor Ballot Pool" of IEEE Standard Association that defined the technical specifications for WiMAX. Prof. Essaaidi supervised several PhD and Masters Theses and has been the principal investigator and the project manager for several international research projects.


Microgrid (MG), distributed energy resources (DERs), optimal power flow (OPF), adaptive consensus algorithm (ACA)

As an overview of a modified method for optimal power control in mesh MGs, this paper involved fundamental concepts of the main methodologies. An OPF theory based agent consensus performances was modeled, and for information discovery, ACA was enabled. Regrouping these specifications has led to a fully information discovery process which was distributed such that each node only needs to communicate with its direct neighbors. Simulation results provides optimal solution in terms of rapid iteration convergence and gives an alternative to the previously ACA algorithms in the case of small meshed MG systems. In contrast, it should be necessary to overhaul the test model with a high number of DERs and for a more realistic setup, more effort should be put on a description of flexible DERs and its costs settings.


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