A wireless sensor network is a network which consisting of a large number of small sensors called node which has a
low-power transceiver that used as a tool for gathering data in a variety of environments based on the network setup. The sensing
data collected by each sensor within a network is communicating to a single processing center that uses all reported data to
determine characteristics of the environment or detect an incident. The communication or message passing process designed to
conserve the limited energy resources of the sensors for the data processing. This article discusses the various methods and
operational challenges for batteries used on sensor nodes deployed in various environment with different sensor networks. The
article proposed the implementation of the photolytic solar system for wireless sensor network. The proposed system is for in a
case study Tanzania that is located Eastern of Africa due to low national grid power but with high energy available from the
sunlight throughout a year.
Published In:IJCSN Journal Volume 8, Issue 1
Date of Publication : February 2019
Pages : 10-17
Tables : 03
Gaudence Stanslaus Tesha :
He received proficiency in
certificate level in Multimedia for Music Production
from SAE College Bangkok Thailand in 2013.Full
Technician certificate in Computer Engineering (FTC)
from Dar Es Salaam Institute of Technology, Dar Es
Salaam, Tanzania East Africa in 2003. He received
Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) in Electronics and
Telecommunication from Dar Es Salaam Institute of
Technology, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania East Africa in
2007. Master in Engineering (MEng), Electronics and
Communication from Chongqing University,
Chongqing, China in 2011. He is working with the Dar
Es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) in Tanzania as
Assistant Lecturer. He is currently pursuing PhD with
School of Telecommunications Engineering, Xidian
University, Xi'an, China. His research interests include
Communication Networks, Multimedia Security,
Information Security and Wireless Sensor Network.
Mohammad Amanul Islam (Aman) :
is pursuing his
PhD. degree with school of Computer Science and
Technology from the Xidian University, Xi'an, China.
His research interests include computer and network
security, applied Cryptography. He is also interested to
the application of secure computation technology, and
machine learning techniques to enhance network
security and data privacy.
Energy Efficient, Sensor Network, Energy Harvesting, Sensor Node, Network Lifetime
Regarding the WSN communication there is an important to
consider the sensor nodes batteries lifetime. From review,
investigation indicates that Lithium Rechargeable can have
the shelf life for up to 4 years on its operation. The 4 years
for operation for WSN is a huge numbers of years for
various project using the WSN. The energy wastage and
challenges for design the network has investigated to ensure
the design of the network that considered difference factors
to avoid unnecessary energy wastage and minimize
challenges for the energy lifetime.
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