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  Efficiency Methods for Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey  
  Authors : Gaudence Stanslaus Tesha; Mohammad Amanul Islam
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A wireless sensor network is a network which consisting of a large number of small sensors called node which has a low-power transceiver that used as a tool for gathering data in a variety of environments based on the network setup. The sensing data collected by each sensor within a network is communicating to a single processing center that uses all reported data to determine characteristics of the environment or detect an incident. The communication or message passing process designed to conserve the limited energy resources of the sensors for the data processing. This article discusses the various methods and operational challenges for batteries used on sensor nodes deployed in various environment with different sensor networks. The article proposed the implementation of the photolytic solar system for wireless sensor network. The proposed system is for in a case study Tanzania that is located Eastern of Africa due to low national grid power but with high energy available from the sunlight throughout a year.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 8, Issue 1

Date of Publication : February 2019

Pages : 10-17

Figures :02

Tables : 03


Gaudence Stanslaus Tesha : He received proficiency in certificate level in Multimedia for Music Production from SAE College Bangkok Thailand in 2013.Full Technician certificate in Computer Engineering (FTC) from Dar Es Salaam Institute of Technology, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania East Africa in 2003. He received Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) in Electronics and Telecommunication from Dar Es Salaam Institute of Technology, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania East Africa in 2007. Master in Engineering (MEng), Electronics and Communication from Chongqing University, Chongqing, China in 2011. He is working with the Dar Es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) in Tanzania as Assistant Lecturer. He is currently pursuing PhD with School of Telecommunications Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an, China. His research interests include Communication Networks, Multimedia Security, Information Security and Wireless Sensor Network.

Mohammad Amanul Islam (Aman) : is pursuing his PhD. degree with school of Computer Science and Technology from the Xidian University, Xi'an, China. His research interests include computer and network security, applied Cryptography. He is also interested to the application of secure computation technology, and machine learning techniques to enhance network security and data privacy.


Energy Efficient, Sensor Network, Energy Harvesting, Sensor Node, Network Lifetime

Regarding the WSN communication there is an important to consider the sensor nodes batteries lifetime. From review, investigation indicates that Lithium Rechargeable can have the shelf life for up to 4 years on its operation. The 4 years for operation for WSN is a huge numbers of years for various project using the WSN. The energy wastage and challenges for design the network has investigated to ensure the design of the network that considered difference factors to avoid unnecessary energy wastage and minimize challenges for the energy lifetime.


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