One of the prime limitations of Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network (WMSN) is high energy consumption. The sensor
nodes are powered by battery of finite energy which rapidly gets depleted during transmission of big size multimedia data like video,
image and audio in the network. This process increases the rate of energy dissipation in the network and indirectly shortens the life span
of the whole network. Since recharging of the battery of sensor nodes is not feasible, preserving the already available energy of the
network is vital consideration in the design of various protocols. In this study, hybrid energy efficient FCM and cuckoo optimization
based clustering algorithm is proposed. The fuzzy c-mean method is used in the cluster formation while cuckoo search algorithm is
employed for CH election. The experimental results of MATLAB simulation of the proposed technique show that the technique is
suitable for maintaining the energy of the network for longer time and it also outperforms the already existing algorithms in terms of
network life time and minimum energy consumption.
Published In:IJCSN Journal Volume 8, Issue 1
Date of Publication : February 2019
Pages : 91-101
Tables : 03
Addisalem Genta :
was born in Assela, Ethiopia, in 1985. He
received the B.Sc. degree in electrical and computer engineering
from Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia, in 2007, and the M.Sc. in
computer engineering from Addisababa University, Addisababa,
Ethiopia, in 2011. Currently, he is pursuing his PhD degree in
computer engineering from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New
Delhi, India since 2014. In 2007, he joined the Ethiopian Electric
power Corporation as an Electrical power line design Engineer. In
2012, he joined Mettu university - Department of Electrical and
computer Engineering as a Lecturer, and was assigned as dean of
Faculty of Technology same year and served for two and half
years. Later on in 2014, he joined Ambo University, Department of
Electrical and Computer Engineering as lecturer and still he is
working over there. His current research interests include ICT in
Ethiopia, Role of ICT for development, multimedia data processing
in wireless sensor network, energy efficient WMSN, energy
harvesting for WMSN, and energy efficient routing protocol for
Dr D K Lobiyal :
received his Ph.D and M. Tech (Computer
Science & technology) from School of Computer and Systems
Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India in 1996
and 1991, respectively, and B. Tech. (Computer Science and
Engineering) from Lucknow University, India in 1988. He is
currently working as Professor in the School of Computer and
Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
His research interest includes Mobile Ad hoc Networks, Natural
Language Processing, and Neurocomputing. Dr. Lobiyal has
published papers in International journals and conferences
including IEEE, Wiley and Sons, Springer, Inderscience, WSEAS,
IGI Global, and ACTA Press.
WMSNs, Cuckoo search, FCM, network life time, energy consumption
Energy is the prime resource constraints in wireless sensor
network and therefore requires proper and elaborated
design of energy aware routing protocols. Routing
protocols based on clustering techniques provide the best
flavour of efficient utilization of the network energy. Every
sensor node in the network is assigned to the most
appropriate cluster before data communication happens.
Similarly, CH is selected as central coordinator of the
group and in-charge of all communications on behalf of the
cluster members with the sink node.
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