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  Performance Analysis of AODV and DSR Routing Protocols in MANETs  
  Authors : Pali Kumari; Shiv Kumar
  Cite as:


Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes connected by wireless links. Each node operates not only as an end system, but also as a router to forward packets. The nodes are free to move about and organize themselves into a network. These nodes change position frequently. The main classes of routing protocols are Proactive, Reactive and Hybrid. A Reactive (on-demand) routing strategy is a popular routing category for wireless ad hoc routing. It is a relatively new routing philosophy that provides a scalable solution to relatively large network topologies. The design follows the idea that each node tries to reduce routing overhead by sending routing packets whenever a communication is requested. In this paper an attempt has been made to compare the performance of two prominent on demand reactive routing protocols for MANETs: Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) protocols. DSR and AODV are reactive gateway discovery algorithms where a mobile device of MANET connects by gateway only when it is needed. As per our findings the differences in the protocol mechanics lead to significant performance differentials for both of these protocols. The performance differentials are analyzed rising varying simulation time. These simulations are carried out using the ns-2 network simulator. The results presented in this work illustrate the importance in carefully evaluating and implementing routing protocols in an ad hoc environment.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 8, Issue 6

Date of Publication : December 2019

Pages : 458-465

Figures :14

Tables : --


Pali Kumari : Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Mewar University, Chittorgarh.

Shiv Kumar : Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Mewar University, Chittorgarh.


DSR, AODV, DSDV, MAC, Simulation

This project review and compare the two protocols. The conclusion that if the MANET has to be setup for a small amount of time then AODV should be prefer due to low initial packet loss and DSR should not be prefer to setup a MANET for a small amount of time because initially there is packet loss is very high. AODV and DSR are very similar, but AODV mechanisms are easier to implement and to integrate with other mechanisms using other different routing protocol. However, AODV maintains only one route per destination. This is one of the major problems in AODV, since every time a route is broken; a route discovery has to be initiated. This leads to more overhead, higher delays and high packet lost. On the other hand, DSR seems to be more stable and has less overhead than AODV.DSR can make use of multiple paths and does not send a periodic packet as AODV. Moreover, it stores all usable routing information extracted from overhearing packets. However, these overheard route information could lead to inconsistencies. The two protocols Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) and Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) have been compared using simulation, it would be interesting to note the behaviour of these protocols on a real life test bed


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