- Before this work:
The field of computer engineering was about using ('nand' and 'nor') universal logic gates to make processors and programs. Some of
the field of electric engineering was about realizing those universal gates using transistors. Some of the field of chemical engineering was
about using rare earth mines as semi conductors to make those transistors.
- After this work:
A wire f(x)=x is proven to be a universal function. The field of computer engineering does no longer require the electric engineering field
to make transistors. Wires are sufficient. The field of chemical engineering can still help increasing the speed by allowing a
miniaturization of conductors.
First order logic, logic gates, Turing machine, Foundation of computer architecture, using logic gates to program,
networks of wires to replace transistors
In this paper a wire as a function F(x) = x is proven
Conductors are cheaper and faster than semi-conductors
gives advantage to wires.
A wire could always transmit light, which would allow us
to compute at real light speed.
Any function that can make a wire is universal.
f(x) = x = x xor 0
['xor' is capable of making a wire, 'xor' is universal].
Considering section "2 statement of the problem"
P is equal to NP
Over long term it means better delivery, better
infrastructure, better resources usage for much less
encryption and online banking. Simple payments on
delivery are a solution.
 William Cook, reported in a video after his work
on Concorde (a TSP solver)
 Techniques from before 1949, since:
 Transistor : 1948-2019, The first bipolar
junction transistors were invented by Bell Labs'
William Shockley, which applied for patent
(2,569,347) on June 26, 1948.
 Cmos logic gates, http://www.microwind.org
 CNTFET logic gates,
 Molecular logic gates,
 DNA logic gates,
 Thermal Logic Gates,
 Chemical wave logic gates,
 Biomolecule-Based Logic Gates,
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