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  A Novel Modified Zone Multicasting Routing Protocol for Path Establishment in VANET  
  Authors : Shokat Ali; Abhander Chaudhary; Honey Pasricha
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Path establishing is a crucial research topic for both MANET and VANET, and incessantly shifting topology in various networks creates many problems in the field of routing. Reactive and Proactive Systems are not that much effective to tenacity the routing issues as both have disadvantages. Zone Multicasting Routing Protocol (ZMRP) is a hybrid protocol use to combine the essential features from both the schemes. Recently a lot of research has been taken into account but multicasting is still a challenge for V2V communication. Establishing a secure and efficient route from the source node to the destination node is very difficult since the mobility of vehicles within VANETs is very high. To establish a route different routing protocols have been developed. Depending upon their properties, the protocols are categorized amongst proactive, reactive as well as hybrid protocols. In order to establish the path from the source node to the destination node, this research work has applied the Modified Zone Multicasting Routing Protocol (MZMRP) technique. For routing the data, the root nodes from the network are chosen within this multicasting technique. A root node is used to select the path from source to destination. The NS2 is used to implement the MZMRP approach and certain parametric values are calculated to provide analytical results.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 9, Issue 2

Date of Publication : April 2020

Pages : 38-45

Figures :08

Tables : 02


Shokat Ali : is Lecturer-I in the Department of Computer Engineering at Government Polytechnic College Jammu J&K, INDIA. He has received his B.E degree from the University of Jammu and done M.E from Panjab University, Chandigarh in 2018. His research interests are in Wireless Communications, Networking and and in Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks.

Abhander Chaudhary : done his B.E degree from and done M.E from Panjab University, Chandigarh in 2019. His research interests are in Wireless Communications, Networking and in Routing in VANET. He is currently working as System Manager in Municipal Corporation Chandigarh.

Honey Pasricha : has got M.E. from Panjab University, Chandigarh. He has presented his papers in International conferences. His area of interest is Data Mining, Machine Learning, and Recommender Systems. He is currently working as Senior Technical Manager in an Institution.



There are several researchers attracted to this latest research field from all across the globe. VANETs mainly ensure the safety of vehicles traveling on road along with providing traffic efficiency and level of comfort to the individuals. The data is transferred and received from one node or vehicle to another with the help of wireless sensor nodes within 100 to 500 meters and allowed to interact and communicate with one another. When the vehicle falls out of the range of 500 meters then it is considered to be dropped out of the network. When the vehicle comes back in the signal range then the network joins together by that vehicle. One of the most important challenges being faced when designing the VANETs is the development of dynamic routing protocol. Lately, in comparison to other traditional approaches, various changes have been made for routing in VANET because of the topology changes arising in highly dynamic and continuous manner. There are several protocols designed for MANETs previously, which are applied and tested within VANET scenarios as well. In the previous research work, the broadcasting approach is used for the establishing the path. It is concluded that broadcasting approach consumes high bandwidth for the path establishment as establishing such a path that takes least generation time and also consumes minimum bandwidth in the network, hence, this research proposes an MZMRP.


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