Path establishing is a crucial research topic for both MANET and VANET, and incessantly shifting topology in various
networks creates many problems in the field of routing. Reactive and Proactive Systems are not that much effective to tenacity the
routing issues as both have disadvantages. Zone Multicasting Routing Protocol (ZMRP) is a hybrid protocol use to combine the essential
features from both the schemes. Recently a lot of research has been taken into account but multicasting is still a challenge for V2V
communication. Establishing a secure and efficient route from the source node to the destination node is very difficult since the mobility
of vehicles within VANETs is very high. To establish a route different routing protocols have been developed. Depending upon their
properties, the protocols are categorized amongst proactive, reactive as well as hybrid protocols. In order to establish the path from the
source node to the destination node, this research work has applied the Modified Zone Multicasting Routing Protocol (MZMRP)
technique. For routing the data, the root nodes from the network are chosen within this multicasting technique. A root node is used to
select the path from source to destination. The NS2 is used to implement the MZMRP approach and certain parametric values are
calculated to provide analytical results.
Published In:IJCSN Journal Volume 9, Issue 2
Date of Publication : April 2020
Pages : 38-45
Tables : 02
Shokat Ali :
is Lecturer-I in the
Department of Computer
Engineering at Government
Polytechnic College Jammu J&K,
INDIA. He has received his B.E
degree from the University of
Jammu and done M.E from Panjab
University, Chandigarh in 2018. His
research interests are in Wireless
Communications, Networking and
and in Routing in Wireless Sensor
Abhander Chaudhary :
done his B.E
degree from and done M.E from
Panjab University, Chandigarh in
2019. His research interests are in
Networking and in Routing in
VANET. He is currently working as
System Manager in Municipal
Honey Pasricha :
has got M.E.
from Panjab University, Chandigarh.
He has presented his papers in
International conferences. His area
of interest is Data Mining, Machine
Learning, and Recommender
Systems. He is currently working as
Senior Technical Manager in an
LAR, VANET, ZMRP, MZMRP
There are several researchers attracted to this latest
research field from all across the globe. VANETs mainly
ensure the safety of vehicles traveling on road along with
providing traffic efficiency and level of comfort to the
individuals. The data is transferred and received from one
node or vehicle to another with the help of wireless sensor
nodes within 100 to 500 meters and allowed to interact and
communicate with one another. When the vehicle falls out
of the range of 500 meters then it is considered to be
dropped out of the network. When the vehicle comes back
in the signal range then the network joins together by that
vehicle. One of the most important challenges being faced
when designing the VANETs is the development of
dynamic routing protocol. Lately, in comparison to other
traditional approaches, various changes have been made
for routing in VANET because of the topology changes
arising in highly dynamic and continuous manner. There
are several protocols designed for MANETs previously,
which are applied and tested within VANET scenarios as
well. In the previous research work, the broadcasting
approach is used for the establishing the path. It is
concluded that broadcasting approach consumes high
bandwidth for the path establishment as establishing such
a path that takes least generation time and also consumes
minimum bandwidth in the network, hence, this research
proposes an MZMRP.
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