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  A Survey of Knowledge Representation in Quranic Ontologies  
  Authors : Sameha Moogab; Ahmed Al-Shalabi; Ibrahim Albalatah
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Semantic technology plays an essential factor in enhancing knowledge representation of documents. The holy Quran is a document that represents a cyclopedia that contains a huge volume of knowledge. Therefore, a noticeable body of research focused on representing the Quran's knowledge with an ontology that aims at extracting as much as possible of knowledge. this paper aims to survey the current research in the context of using ontology to represent the Quran's knowledge. The surveyed researches have been compared against some well-known criteria namely expressivity of ontology language, coverage area, the scope of Quranic ontologies, used methodology, used technology, the language of Quranic ontologies, Quranic data resources, and evaluation of Quranic ontologies. The paper concluded that the most of current Quranic ontologies either inexpressive ontologies or uncompleted. That is mean, the field of Quranic ontology has not yet reached its maturity and is still opened for researchers to contribute.


Published In : IJCSN Journal Volume 9, Issue 4

Date of Publication : August 2020

Pages : 182-192

Figures :02

Tables : 02


Sameha Moogab : Computer Science, Sana'a University Sana'a, Al-Yemen.

Ahmed Al-Shalabi : Computer Science, Sana'a University Sana'a, Al-Yemen.

Ibrahim Albalatah : Computer Science, Sana'a University Sana'a, Al-Yemen.


Ontology, knowledge representation, Quran, semantic web, Quranic ontologies

This paper surveyed several studies concerned with ontological knowledge representation for the Holy Quran. Although the Arabic language the organic language of the Quran is a powerful description of the knowledge language, the surveyed studies did not use the traditional grammar of Classical Arabic to build Description Logics which were used to build a knowledge base with lexical and conceptual information. In future work, we need to construct expressive ontologies by using Arabic language and logical techniques in order to get better knowledge representation for knowledge of the Quran.


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